In the 2009 Copenhagen Agreement, the long-term goal of temperature is to limit the increase in global temperature to “less than 2 degrees Celsius” (UNFCCC 2010). A year later, the parties to the UNFCCC adopted the Cancun Agreements, which “recognize the need for a deep reduction in global greenhouse gas emissions in order to keep the global average temperature increase below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.” This is what the CTU calls the Cancun goal at 2oC. As mentioned above, the paris agreement`s target is 1.5 degrees Celsius outside the Cancun agreement limit of less than 2 degrees Celsius and aims to keep warming well below 2 degrees Celsius and to continue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius. To change this future, the climate target of the Paris Agreement, which is well below 2 degrees C, must be achieved. Global emissions must be halved by the next decade and net zero by the middle of the century, says energy economist Nebojsa Nakicenovic, former CEO of the International Institute for Applied System Analysis (IIASA) in Austria. In 1992, President George H.W. Bush joined 107 other heads of state at the Rio Earth Summit in Brazil to adopt a series of environmental agreements, including the UNFCCC framework, which is still in force today. The international treaty aims to prevent dangerous human intervention in the planet`s climate systems in the long term. The pact does not set limits on greenhouse gas emissions from individual countries and does not contain enforcement mechanisms, but establishes a framework for international negotiations on future agreements or protocols to set binding emissions targets. Participating countries meet annually at a Conference of the Parties (COP) to assess their progress and continue discussions on how best to combat climate change. The Paris Agreement reflects the collective belief of almost every nation on the planet that climate change is humanity`s war to fight it, and reveals America`s climate-sceptics – including Trump – as global outliers. Indeed, the mobilization of support for climate action across the country and around the world gives hope that the Paris Agreement has marked a turning point in the fight against climate change. We can all contribute to the cause by looking for ways to reduce contributions to global warming, at the individual, local and national levels.
The effort will be worth the reward of a safer and cleaner world for future generations. Its report “The Truth Behind the Paris Agreement Climate Pledges” warns that not reducing emissions will cost the world at least $2 billion a day by 2030 in economic losses due to weather events exacerbated by man-made climate change. In addition, weather patterns and phenomena affect human health, livelihoods, food and water, and biodiversity. People are witnessing the significant effects of climate change, which include changing weather conditions, rising sea levels and more extreme weather events. Greenhouse gas emissions from human activity are driving climate change and continuing to increase.