Geneva Agreement India Pakistan

In accordance with Article 118 of Convention III, prisoners of war are “released and repatriated immediately after the end of active hostilities.” Even if the countries in conflict are unable to reach an agreement on the cessation of hostilities, “each of the detainees must set up a return plan himself, in accordance with the established principle (above), and apply it immediately.” 4) the recognition of the Red Cross symbol as a means of identifying the people and equipment covered by the agreement. The United States rejected an agreement it had reached in December 1985 with the authorization of the White House to stop arms deliveries to the mujahideen via Pakistan after the end of the Soviet withdrawal. Mikhail Gorbachev felt betrayed, but the Soviet Union was determined to withdraw and the agreements were ousted with a contradictory “understanding” that arms deliveries were continuing. [2] The agreements also contained provisions for the timing of the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan. It officially began on May 15, 1988 and ended on February 15, 1989, ending nine years of Soviet occupation and the Soviet-Afghanistan war. The Geneva Conventions, formally known as agreements to resolve the situation in Afghanistan, were signed on 14 April 1988 at the United Nations headquarters in Geneva[1] between Afghanistan and Pakistan, with the United States and the Soviet Union as guarantors. The Afghan resistance or the mujahideen did not participate in the geneva negotiations or agreements and therefore refused to accept the terms of the agreement. As a result, the civil war continued after the end of the Soviet withdrawal. The regime of Mohammad Najibullah, supported by the Soviet Union, was unable to gain the support, territory or international recognition of the population, but it was able to remain in power until 1992, when it collapsed and was invaded by the mujahideen. The agreements consisted of several instruments: a bilateral agreement between the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan on the principles of mutual relations, in particular non-interference and non-interference; a declaration on international guarantees signed by the Soviet Union and the United States; a bilateral agreement between Pakistan and Afghanistan on the voluntary return of Afghan refugees; and an agreement on the settlement of the situation in Afghanistan, signed by Pakistan and Afghanistan and attested by the Soviet Union and the United States. Section 17 of the IWG requires only a captured combatant to answer questions about the name and rank, date of birth and serial number of the armed forces in order to obtain PoW status.

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