The Refugee Convention, also known as the 1951 Refugee Convention or the Geneva Convention of 28 July 1951, is a multilateral UN treaty that defines who is a refugee and defines the rights of people who receive asylum and the responsibilities of the nations that grant asylum. The convention also defines people who are not considered refugees, such as war criminals. The convention also provides for a number of visa exemptions for holders of refugee travel documents issued under the convention. Six of them. In 1977, after reviewing the Assembly`s Recommendation 775 and other recommendations on refugees (3), the Council of Europe Committee of Ministers decided to establish an ad Hoe committee on the legal aspects of territorial asylum and refugees, to examine these recommendations and report on the possibility and recommendation of the Council of Europe to develop a convention or other legal instrument in this area. 31. Although this article concerns the transfer of responsibility for the issuance of a travel document, it is implied that after that transfer, the second state must grant the refugee the rights and benefits under the Geneva Convention. 21. Under this section, liability may be delegated in four cases, the first three of which are defined in paragraph 1 and the fourth in paragraph 3. 30.
A stay with the agreement of the authorities of the second state is a precondition for the transfer of responsibility. However, the search for a balance between the reciprocal obligations of the first and second states has also necessitated settling cases where a refugee, who holds a travel document, is present in the second state without the knowledge of its authorities or is beyond its control. Section 14 provides that this provision may be subject to a reservation. In accordance with the general principle of international law, existing treaties are binding on the parties and must be carried out in good faith. Countries that have ratified the Convention are required to protect refugees who are on their territory in accordance with their conditions.  There are a number of provisions that States parties to the Convention must comply with.